The Different Types of Vaccines
To stop the effects or spread of a disease through a vaccine a proper vaccine has to be in place for the specific disease that should have particular characteristics relating to the relevant disease. Good vaccines should not affect the way other cells behave but rather only fight the relevant microbes that cause an illness. For a vaccine to be effective it must have so crucial characteristics such as the ability to fight the harmful elements in the body cells and not harm other cells that are not affected by the virus or bacterium without altering their functionality. For a support vaccine to be termed as suitable it should poses some level of compatibility with other medications that can be related to similar ailments and also at what part of the world is the medicine recommended for use are some of the issues that should be factored in when designing good vaccine support medication.
The main type of support vaccines are five and will be discussed in the article and they are: toxic vaccine, inactive vaccine, attenuate vaccine, subunit vaccine and conjugate vaccine. Live, attenuated vaccine is a type of vaccine that is developed in the laboratory where the real microbe is weakened to a level that is not harmful to the body. By developing a microbe in the lab it is to create a similar environment of that which the virus or bacteria thrives on so as to learn how it actually behaves in the body. For the purpose of gaining more insight on how to develop a more effective medicine to fight the microbe in the various diseases with the first aim to targeting on knowing the amount of antibodies the body can produce to protect itself from a microbe and designing drugs that would heal one after taking a few doses. Some example of such vaccine support diseases are smallpox vaccine, yellow fever, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox and rotavirus.
Harmful chemicals are produced by bacteria that is toxic to the body cells. The toxic produced by the bacteria becomes harmful to the body. It has been learnt from scientific findings that inactive toxins can be treated with formalin, a solution of formaldehyde and sterilized water as vaccine. After the body is immunized it learns how to fight the natural toxic substance by releasing antibodies that fight the toxic substance and finally stop its production. Diphtheria and tetanus are some of the common produced toxic substance by the body.
Polysaccharides are used to help protect immature immune systems against illness by linking toxoids and antigens to the immune system. When there are sugar coating on a bacterium that ensures that bacterium antigens protect the immune system of newborn does not react to bacterium antibodies is known as polysaccharides.